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Table 2 The potential function of the proteins encoded by CWMV and WYMV

From: Advances in understanding the soil-borne viruses of wheat: from the laboratory bench to strategies for disease control in the field

No Viral protein name Source of viral protein Viral protein function References
1 Third protein (P3) WYMV RNA1 Viral intercellular movement Vijayapalani et al. (2012), Chai et al. (2020), Yu et al. (2021)
2 7-kDa peptide (7 K) WYMV RNA1 Viral-replication vesicles formation Cui and Wang (2016), González et al. (2019), Yang et al. (2021)
3 Cylindrical inclusion protein (CI) WYMV RNA1 Viral replication and viral intercellular movement Wei and Wang (2008)
4 14-kDa peptide (14 K) WYMV RNA1 Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) export and intercellular viral movement Cui and Wang (2016), González et al. (2019), Yang et al. (2021)
5 VPg protein WYMV RNA1 Viral RNA translation and replication Jiang and Laliberté (2011)
6 Nuclear inclusion-a protease (NIa-Pro) WYMV RNA1 Ployprotein cleaving and processing Riechmann et al. (1992)
7 Nuclear inclusion “b” protein (NIb) WYMV RNA1 Viral-replication Zhang et al. (2019a), Shen et al. (2020)
8 Coat protein (CP) WYMV RNA1 Viral particle assembly, viral replication and translation Dolja et al. (1995), Li and Shirako (2015), Dai et al. (2020), Yang et al. (2021)
9 PIPO WYMV RNA1 Viral intercellular movement Vijayapalani et al. (2012), Chai et al. (2020), Yu et al. (2021)
10 First protein (P1) WYMV RNA2 RNA-silencing suppressor Tatineni et al. (2012), Valli et al. (2018)
11 Second protein (P2) WYMV RNA2 Viral replication Sun et al. (2014), Li et al. (2018)
12 153-kDa protein CWMV RNA1 Viral replication and movement Yang et al. (2017)
13 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) CWMV RNA1 Viral replication Yang et al. (2017)
14 Movement protein (MP) CWMV RNA1 Viral intercellular movement Andika et al. (2013b), Guo et al. (2019)
15 Coat protein (CP) CWMV RNA2 Assembly of virus particles Haeberlé et al. (1994), Cowan et al. (1997), Torrance et al. (2009)
16 Read-through fusion protein (CP-RT) CWMV RNA2 Virion assembly and viral transmission Yamamiya and Shirako (2000), Crutzen et al. (2009), Yang et al. (2016)
17 N-terminal extension coat protein (N-CP) CWMV RNA2 Virus replication, virion assembly and systemic movement Diao et al. (1999), Sun et al. (2013c), Yang et al. (2016), Guo et al. (2019)
18 Cysteine-rich protein (CRP) CWMV RNA2 RNA-silencing suppressor and pathogenicity determinant Xu et al. (2002), Te et al. (2005)